Everything You Need to Know About A Research Proposal
- Mar 08, 2021
In order to make your research paper a successful and well-read one, the first important thing you must do is to draft a brilliant proposal. A Research proposal is what will decide the outcome of the research paper. The proposal gives the researcher an idea about how and why to conduct the research, the various processes to be undertaken to meet its requirements.
What Is A Research Proposal and How Is It Different from A Research Paper?
The research proposal is commonly a document that proposes a particular research project, mostly from various academic fields, and asks for an acceptance of the research. Through a proposal, the permission to conduct the research is being granted. If it fails to convince the guide, then the entire paper will be declared as null and void. These research proposals are evaluated on the basis of the potential impact of the research and also on the soundness of the plan that is proposed to carry out the research.
A research proposal can be referred to as the prologue of a research paper. A research paper depicts the entire research with its background, literature review, methodology, data analysis and results, conclusion, recommendations and bibliography. Whereas the proposal depicts the things that will be done during the research and includes the Introduction, literature review, research methodology and bibliography. It is not a complete research. Proposal gives the overall way of conducting the research but not the analysis or results. The research paper conclusion is also excluded from the proposal. One can directly find them in the research paper itself.
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Purpose of A Research Proposal
The research proposal serves a multidimensional purpose:
1. Proposing a research paper that will serve as a great contribution for the future in terms of knowledge and also for the future researchers.
2. Formulating a full-proof detailed plan and structure of the research that includes the theoretical framework and the methodological approach too.
3. Ensuring that the research proposed is viable to be completed within the specified or given time frame and meeting all the requirements with the available evidence and resources.
4. Demonstrating that the researcher has got adequate experience as well as expertise in order to undertake the research.
Drafting a research proposal helps in the clarifications of key ideas and objectives for the researcher. It helps in analysing each and every stage of the research study to help the researcher develop a clear and detailed plan.
The Contents That Are to Be Included in The Research Proposal
A research proposal outline is similar to that of a research paper outline. The only exception is that a proposal excludes the data analysis and results sections and the other sections are written briefly in the proposal. Generally, the word count of a proposal ranges from 2500 to 4000 words at maximum.
The common format for a proposal that are used in most of the research paper outline examples are:
Title: The topic of your research or the problem must be clearly defined in the title.
Chapter-1 Introduction: This section contains the basic introduction of the topic and also the problem which is clearly defined to the readers. This section would be exactly similar to that of the research paper introduction but in brief. It is subdivided into various other parts. They are:
- Research background: The various information about the problem will be discussed here validating them with previously existing literature. The various happenings related to the problem have to be mentioned here.
- Research problem: This is a specific statement about the difficulty with the problem and how it is affecting the present situation. This indicates the missing knowledge about the problem.
- Research rationale: This states the actual reason behind conducting the research. This is stated to justify the viability of the research.
- Research aim: The aim is stated in a single sentence describing what you want to achieve through this research.
- Research objectives: The objectives of a research indicate the various targets that are to be achieved while conducting the research. This provides a direction to proceed with the research.
- Research questions: These questions are used to establish the facts and facets that are to be established through the study. This helps the researcher put clear focus on the problem.
- Research hypotheses: These are the statements that are used to draw conjectures about the problems. You can use both simple assertive hypotheses to point the achievable facts and null hypotheses to denote the facts that are not to be established in the research.
Chapter-2 Literature Review: The theoretical part of the research that is already known or stated about the problem is discussed in this section. It is regarded as surveying the scholarly sources, such as the journals, theses paper or articles, which is linked directly or indirectly to the research paper topic and the research question. The main purpose of this section is to align to research study with the previously existing knowledge in that field. This section is also divided into the following parts:
- Introduction: A basic introduction to the problem.
- Headings and the sub-headings as per your topic: The problem has to be divided into various other headings and subheadings as per the researcher’ wish to state the existing knowledge on the problem.
- Summary: An overall summary about the literature review sections has to be mentioned here in brief.
- Introduction: An introduction about the various components that are to be covered in this section.
- Research philosophy: This states the belief about the way in which information and data will be collected and analysed. It deals with development, source and nature of knowledge.
- Data collection method: The method in which the data was collected and what kind of data was collected will be stated in this section.
- Data analysis method: The mode of analysis used and how it was implemented will be discussed in this section.
- Sample size: The sample chosen for the analysis of data, that is, for the survey and interview will be mentioned here.
- Research limitations: The limitations and restrictions faced during conducting the research will be stated in this section.
- Timeline: The time-schedule of the research has to be mentioned here by representing it in a table format.
- A particular research area has to be identified by the proposal in a broader sense and hence the significance and importance of that study has to be established.
- A proper research problem has to be developed by identifying a newly-identified or existing gap in knowledge by the proposal.
- The research problem has to be approached in a viable way by building a convincing case for the research.
- The proposal has to be convincing enough about the fact of completing the research paper within the given time frame.
Chapter-3 Research methodology: The specific techniques or procedures that helps in the identification, selection, processing and analysing data and information about the research topic. This helps in critically evaluating the research’s reliability and validity. The various parts of this section are:
Bibliography: The various sources from which information and data were collected has to be mentioned here with the references. The sources must be linked to the proposed research else the proposal may get rejected because of wrong sources.
Tips And Tricks To Write An Attractive Research Proposal
Writing an excellent proposal is a great challenge for anyone; one must think of it as a task in zeroing from the broad academic field to your research project. It is shortening the research paper and putting up the main ideas. Few things that may improve the proposal are:
The most crucial thing that you have to keep in mind while writing a research proposal is that the entire piece will be in the future tense as if you are telling the person the activities you will do for conducting the research. Proofreading is a must, and for this you can avail paper writing help from the Management Paper at the most affordable rates and convenient time frames.